Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) refers to a range of processes for resolving commercial
disputes without seeking redress from the courts. In addition to Arbitration, this most commonly
means Mediation, Adjudication and Conciliation. Some pre-litigation protocols require, or strongly
encourage, the use of ADR – particularly Mediation – prior to commencing legal proceedings, with
potential consequences in the Award of Costs against non-complying parties.